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      IEA:將需要更多投資來刺激石油供應

      2018-03-07 11:51:35??????點擊:

      中國石化新聞網訊 據OGJ網站3月5日休斯敦報道,根據國際能源署(IEA)最新一期有關石油市場的年度報告,來自美國、巴西、加拿大和挪威的石油產量增長可以使世界供應充足,在2020年前能遠遠滿足全球石油需求增長,但是,在2020年以后將需要更多的投資來提高產量。

      根據Oil 2018,IEA 5年市場分析和預測,在今后的3年里,單單來自美國的產量增長將能滿足世界80%的需求增長,加拿大、巴西和挪威屆時能夠滿足世界剩余20%的需求增長。

      在2023年前,來自歐佩克以外的供應將日增520萬桶。由于委內瑞拉產量崩潰以及其他成員國產量增加有限,歐佩克的石油產能只能日增120萬桶。

      但是,IEA的年度報告發現,盡管成本不斷下降,在2020年以后將需要額外的投資來刺激供應增長。全球石油工業迄今還沒有從2015-2016投資前所未有的兩年下跌中恢復過來,而IEA認為在2017和2018兩年里美國以外的上游支出很少甚至沒有增加。

      李峻 編譯自 OGJ

      原文如下:

      IEA: More investment needed to spur oil supply after 2020

      Oil production growth from US, Brazil, Canada and Norway can keep the world well supplied, more than meeting global oil demand growth through 2020, but more investment will be needed to boost output after that, according to the International Energy Agency's latest annual report on oil markets.

      Over the next three years, gains from the US alone will cover 80% of the world's demand growth, with Canada, Brazil, and Norway able to cover the rest, according to Oil 2018, the IEA's five-year market analysis and forecast.

      By 2023, supply outside the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries grows by 5.2 million b/d. OPEC oil capacity rises only 1.2 million b/d due to Venezuela collapse and limited increases elsewhere.

      But the report finds that despite falling costs, additional investment will be needed to spur supply growth after 2020. The oil industry has yet to recover from an unprecedented two-year drop in investment in 2015-2016, and the IEA sees little-to-no increase in upstream spending outside of the US in 2017 and 2018.

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